Minecraft Enchantment Guide and List of Enchantments

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MinecraftEnchantments add upgrades to your tools, weapons, and armor. Enchantments do things like speed up fishing, increase your mining speed, or even add lightning damage to attacks.

In this Minecraft enchanting guide, we’ll walk you through building a enchanting pictureget better enchantments and list some of the enchantments available.


Build an enchanting table

To enchant items, you really only need one enchanting picturebut one grinding wheel (2 sticks, 1 stone slab, 2 planks) and a anvil (3 iron blocks, 4 iron ingots) will also come in handy.

An enchanting table asks for one bookof them diamondsand four obsidian.

Books can be crafted from three paper (which you can make from sugar cane) and a leather.

Diamonds are a little harder to find. First, you will need (at least) a iron pickaxe. Then you will need to dig below level 15 or so (15 blocks above where the stone becomes deep slate). Diamond becomes even more common as you go down, so 15 is the minimum depth, but closer to -60 will be more productive.

Once you have diamonds, craft a diamond pickaxe so you can collect obsidian. You can find obsidian on the surface of a ruined portal or in caves where flowing water meets lava. It’s much easier, however, to make your own. If you have a steady supply of lava – like with a lava farm to generate infinite lava – place a bucket of lava in a hole and pour a bucket of water into it. The lava becomes obsidian.

With all your resources gathered, make your enchanting table.


Enchanting items and enchantment level

To enchant an item, you will need the item you wish to enchant and some Lapis lazuli. Lapis lazuli is that blue speckled ore you find when mining. This is most common around level 0 where the stone changes to deep slate.

Image: Mojang/Microsoft via Polygon

To enchant your tool, simply place it on the enchantment table in the left slot and place lapis lazuli in the right slot. Three enchantment options will appear on the right. Applying one of the enchantments will cost 1-3 lapis lazuli and 1-3 player levels (which you earn in XP). The green number on the right side is the minimum level you need to unlock this enchantment, but does not affect the cost.

The three enchantments that appear depend on two things: your level (the green number at the bottom of the screen) and the enchantment level. You’ll increase your player level by collecting XP, which you can earn by killing mobs, mining ores, and smelting. Raising enchantment level requires shelves.

An enchanting Minecraft table surrounded by 15 bookcases.

Image: Microsoft/Mojang via Polygon

Placing a bookshelf (3 books, 6 planks) one block away from an enchantment table increases its enchantment level. Each shelf you add raises the level of the enchanted table a little, up to a total of 15. (Basically, this means the more shelves you have, the better the enchantments will be.) There should be some space between the enchanted shelf and table, and nothing can be in that space (not even a torch).


Obtain different enchantments

The three enchantments that appear when you use an enchantment table are taken from a list of games. There’s a bit of randomness involved, so you’ll get better ones as you level up or add and remove libraries – but the list won’t change too much.

To get a new list for the random draw table, you will need to use one of the enchantments offered. Take the cheapest one – it’ll still cost 1 lapis lazuli and 1 level – and apply it to something like a random book or weapon. When you return to the board, the list will be (mostly) new.


Removing and Combining Enchantments

Using a grinding wheel (2 sick, 1 stone slab, 2 planks) will remove enchantments from an item.

A anvil (3 Iron Blocks, 4 Iron Ingots) allows you to combine the enchantments of two items or apply an enchanted book to an item.


List of Minecraft Enchantments

A list of enchantments that can be added to tools and armor using an enchantment table can be found below, courtesy of the Minecraft wiki. For a complete list of enchantments, see the WikiMinecraft.

Minecraft Enchantment Table Enchantments

Enchantment name Effect Compatible Armor/Tools
Enchantment name Effect Compatible Armor/Tools
Aqua Affinity Increases underwater mining speed Helmet, turtle shell
Plague of arthropods Increases damage and applies slow to spiders, cave spiders, silverfish, endermites and bees Sword, Ax (Bedrock only)
Explosion protection Reduces explosion damage and recoil Helmet, Breastplate, Leggings, Boots, Turtle Shell
Channel Channels a lightning bolt to a hit target, only works during thunderstorms Trident
Cleavage Increases shield damage and stun Chopped
depth walker Increases underwater movement speed Boots
Efficiency Increases mining speed. Increases the chance that axes will stun a shield Pickaxe, shovel, axe, hoe
falling feather Reduces fall damage Boots
Aspect of fire Sets the target on fire Sword
Fire protection Reduces fire damage and burn time Helmet, Breastplate, Leggings, Boots, Turtle Shell
Flame Arrows set fire to the target Bow
Fortune Increases some block drops Pickaxe, shovel, axe, hoe
Impale Deals extra damage to mobs that spawn in the ocean Trident
Infinite Shooting a bow does not consume regular arrows Bow
decline Increases recoil Sword
Looting Increases mob loot Sword
Loyalty Trident returns after being thrown Trident
At the mercy of the sea Increases good loot rate Rod
Lure Decreases time until rod gets a bite Rod
Multiple shot Shoot three arrows for the cost of one Crossbow
Piercing Arrows go through multiple entities Crossbow
Power Increases arrow damage Bow
Projectile protection Reduces projectile damage Helmet, Breastplate, Leggings, Boots, Turtle Shell
protection Reduces most damage types Helmet, Breastplate, Leggings, Boots, Turtle Shell
Punch Increases arrow recoil Bow
Quick charge Reduces crossbow loading time Crossbow
Breathing Extends breathing time underwater Helmet, turtle shell
against the current Trident launches player with itself when thrown, only works in water and rain Trident
Acuity Increases damage Sword, Ax (Bedrock only)
Silky touch Mined blocks drop Pickaxe, shovel, axe, hoe
Punishment Increases damage to undead monsters Sword, Ax (Bedrock only)
Sweeping Edge (Java only) Increases swipe attack damage Sword
The spikes Reflects a portion of damage taken when hit Chestplate
Unbreakable Increases item durability Helmet, Chestplate, Leggings, Boots, Turtle Shell, Pickaxe, Shovel, Axe, Sword, Hoe, Fishing Rod, Bow, Trident, Crossbow
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